• O. Zhugan SDO Yuzhnoye
  • D. Kalinichenko SDO Yuzhnoye


Loitering munition is a new class of weapons that occupies an intermediate position between unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles and combines the capabilities of reconnaissance and high-precision strikes. Appearing at the end of the 20th century, this class of weapons, along with reconnaissance and reconnaissance- strike unmanned aerial vehicles, plays an increasingly important role in modern military conflicts. To defeat loitering munitions and unmanned aerial vehicles, anti-aircraft artillery and anti-aircraft guided missiles are now usually used. However, it should be noticed that anti-aircraft artillery has a low probability of hitting an air targets, while anti-aircraft guided missiles have a significant cost and are limited in quantity. To ensure the interception of aircraft characterized by low speed and maneuverability, it is proposed to create an air defense complex based on loitering munition. Based on the research work carried out, it was established that the optimal organizational structure is a battery, which will include a command control vehicle, a surveillance radar station and up to six self- propelled launchers, on which a package of transport and launch containers with loitering ammunition is installed. The main targets of the complex are enemy medium range and long range unmanned aerial vehicles and loitering munitions, such as Shahed-136, etc. In addition, the complex is capable of being used against enemy helicopters. To solve the combat missions of intercepting the above targets, the basic requirements for the developed loitering munition were determined, including the speed and altitude of the flight, loitering time and the warhead mass. The calculations performed showed the possibility of creating a loitering munition with the appropriate characteristics, a layout diagram was developed and a 3D-model of the device was designed. Equipping the Armed Forces of Ukraine with an anti-aircraft complex based on loitering ammunition can significantly reduce the cost of intercepting low-speed targets and is proposed for the first time.

Author Biographies

O. Zhugan, SDO Yuzhnoye

Жуган Олександр Сергійович
ДП «КБ «Південне» Провідний інженер Проектування ракетно- реактивного озброєння та безпілотних літальних апаратів

D. Kalinichenko, SDO Yuzhnoye

Калиниченко Дмитро Сергійович
ДП «КБ «Південне» Начальник проектного комплексу Проектування ракетно- космічної техніки та реактивного озброєння


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How to Cite
Zhugan, O., & Kalinichenko, D. (2023). APPLICATION OF THE LOITERING MUNITIONS TO DEFEAT AIR ENEMY TARGETS. Journal of Rocket-Space Technology, 30(4), 153-158.
Spacecraft, satellite systems and methods for processing satellite data