ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT STATE OF EQUIPMENT DEVELOPMENT TO SEARCH FOR WATER ON THE MOON
Attention to the use of space resources, especially to the study of the surface of the Moon, is currently growing in the world. The main resource of the Moon that is of immediate value to humans is water. The location of large deposits of ice and in what form it is not yet known. Based on an analytical study of existing data, it is proven that solving the problem of extracting water and other potentially available resources on the Moon requires determining their location and nature. This requires the development of special technologies and modern equipment. Such equipment is currently being developed by NASA and ESA scientists. It is shown that the main tools for determining the location and form of existence of water on the Moon are a drill for sampling soil and ice and devices for determining their composition. The equipment on the Moon must work in conditions of space vacuum, space radiation, vacuum ultraviolet, large temperature changes. The conditions of the external environment that take place on the Moon have a negative effect on the devices and equipment used. Therefore, one of the main tasks in the design of equipment for the exploration and development of the Moon is to establish the performance, reliability and durability of the materials used. The effect of cosmic radiation on the properties of equipment materials is synergistic, so it is necessary to study the simultaneous effect of all active types of radiation. A complex simulator of space factors, created by domestic scientists, is presented, which allows you to study the simultaneous effects of vacuum, temperatures and various radiation flows. The complex simulator of space factors is a unique piece of equipment and enables Ukrainian specialists to participate in international programs on the development of the Moon.
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