TEST RESULTS OF A HIGH-SPEED SOLENOID VALVE FOR THE ELECTRIC PROPULSION FEED SYSTEM

  • Bohdan Yurkov Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)
  • Oleksandr Petrenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)
  • Dmytro Voronovskyi Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)
  • Troyan Andrey Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)
Keywords: XENON STORAGE AND FEED SYSTEM, SOLENOID VALVE, ELECTRIC PROPULSION, LIFETIME TESTING, HIGH RELIABILITY VALVE, QUICK RESPONSE TIME VALVE, LOW MASS VALVE.

Abstract

Today in the world there are many electric propulsion systems based on the different types of thrusters. Most of them used gaseous propellent. Typical Electric propulsion system (EPS) consists of following main subsystems: the electric propulsion thruster that creates thrust; the power-processing and control unit which provides energy to all subsystems; the storage and feed system that performs functions of storing working substance in the tank and supplying the required amount of working substance to the thruster; Solenoid valve is a part of storage and feed systems. The feed system is an essential part of any electric propulsion system. The life cycle of the feed system is largely determined by lifetime of the valves and the amount of working substance in tank. Whereas the amount of working substance is selected based on the requirements for each specific mission valve parameters must be satisfying for various missions. Accordingly, the valves must have low power consumption, high reliability with a long lifetime (more than 106 cycles), low weight and dimensions. Solenoid valve is an electromechanical device that consists of moving part controlled by an electromagnet. Movement of the movable element and the seal are key parts of valve reliability. Presented solenoid valve design uses two membranes, which perform the function of centering the moving element and with the spring provide the required closing speed and the seal of the valve. The paper presents the problem of selecting critical elements that affect the solenoid valve's performance, procedure and test results required for the qualification of space equipment. Manufactured valve was successfully tested (vibration testing, response time testing with inlet pressure change, response time testing at different operating voltages, dependence of the valve actuation current on the operating voltage, temperature testing, lifetime tests) separately and as part of XFS according to the ECSS standards. As well as the successful implementation of presented valve into the flight xenon feed system for electric propulsion.

Author Biographies

Bohdan Yurkov, Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)

Ukraine. Space Electric Thruster Systems.

Engineer-researcher.

Area of interest – design and testing of storage and feed systems.

Oleksandr Petrenko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)

Ukraine. Space Electric Thruster Systems, Dnipro.

Research adviser.

Dniprovsky National University named Oles Honchar. Professor.

Area of interests - design and testing of electric propulsion systems.

Dmytro Voronovskyi, Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)

Ukraine. Space Electric Thruster Systems.

Engineer-researcher.

Area of interest – design and testing Hall-effect thrusters.

Troyan Andrey, Space Electric Thruster Systems (SETS)

Ukraine, Space Electric Thruster Systems, Dnipro.

Chief of design department.

Area of interest – electric propulsion and its subsystems.

References

Eunkwang Lee, Hodong Lee, Yongjun Moon, Seokhyun Kang, Younho Kim, Yunhwang Jeong, Hosung Yoon, Miso Son, Amer Mohammad Al Sayegh and Mar Luengo Cerrón “DEVELOPMENT OF ROBUST AND AFFORDABLE XENON FEED UNIT FOR HALL EFFECT PROPULSION SYSTEMS” SPACE PROPULSION 2018, BARCELO RENACIMIENTO HOTEL, SEVILLE, SPAIN / 14 – 18 MAY 2018. SP2018_00007.

Eric J. Pencil “Recent Electric Propulsion Development Activities for NASA Science Missions” NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, Ohio 44135.

Joseph M. Cardin, William Cook and Rajesh Bhandari, “Qualification of an Advanced Xenon Flow Control Module” International Electric Propulsion Conference, The George Washington University • Washington, D.C. • USA Oct. 6 – 10, 2013. IEPC-2013-382.

Domhnall O’Sullivan, Eoin McGuinness, Derek Harris, Gerard Fenner “Mechanical Pressure Regulator for the Xenon Feed System on the Alphabus Platform” 42nd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit 9 - 12 July 2006, Sacramento, California.

O. Petrenko, D. Voronovskyi, B. Yurkov, S. Tolok, S. Kulagin “HALL THRUSTER ST-25 DEVELOPED BY SPACE ELECTRIC THRUSTER SYSTEMS (SETS)” SPACE PROPULSION 2020+1 17-19 March 2021. SP2020 #00266.

Robert Shotwell, Bill Butler, Duff Bushway, Dick Perini, Steve Gross, Rich Kelly. (2000). AIAA 2000-3748 Evaluation of Proportional Flow Control Valves for Potential Use in Electric Propulsion Feed Systems. 36th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit.

Published
2021-11-17
How to Cite
Yurkov, B., Petrenko, O., Voronovskyi, D., & Andrey, T. (2021). TEST RESULTS OF A HIGH-SPEED SOLENOID VALVE FOR THE ELECTRIC PROPULSION FEED SYSTEM. Journal of Rocket-Space Technology, 29(4), 72-80. https://doi.org/10.15421/452107
Section
Engines and power plants