• Yevhenii Serhiyovych Petelko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
  • Volodymyr Ivanovich Lipovskyi Oles Honchar Dnipro National University


A new generation of materials – «intellectual» materials – is rapidly developing. Intelligent materials are materials that react in a certain way to changes in the state of the environment or the influence of force fields, vibrations or oscillations and radiation. This reaction results in the alterations of material properties, geometry and its adaptation to changes in operating conditions. Constructions are made of intelligent materials, in addition to the traditional functions of taking operational loads and ensuring load and strength, can provide self-monitoring, identification and localization of the fatigue damage. The material in such constructions can contain a set of electronics, built into the structure, which performs the function of receiving, processing and transmitting information in different frequency ranges. Intellectual material requirements are defined by the purpose and conditions of use of the structures and their components. The objective of this work is to give an overview of intellectual materials, in order to introduce the main information about their properties and their applicability in space and rocket technology. Furthermore, in this article data processing and analysis were carried out, which allowed to formalize the properties of the considered intellectual materials. Moreover, the application of intellectual materials can improve existing design schemes and elements or create entirely new design solutions in the future. For instance, the use of magnetostrictive materials allows to reduce the longitudinal oscillations of the launch vehicle on an active part of the trajectory along with absorbing vibrations and regulating the stringency of the stage separation. Structural analysis of the special properties of intellectual materials and their application not only will solve existing problems, but also enable further development of the space rocket industry.

Author Biography

Yevhenii Serhiyovych Petelko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Ukraine, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Post-graduate student

Area of interest – mechanics of deformed solid


K. Worden. (2006) Novye intellektualnye materialy i konstruktsii. Svoystva i primenenie [New intelligent materials and designs. Properties and applications]. Moscow: Technosphere, p. 223 с [in Russian].

Koktsinskaya Y.M. (2016) "Umnye" materialy i ikh primenenie (obzor) [Smart "materials and their applications (overview).] Scientific journal "Video Science", vol.1, no. 1. [in Russian].

Babayevsky P.G. (2010) Intellektualnye strukturnye nanomaterialy [Intelligent Structural Nanomaterials Educational-methodical complex of the discipline]: Moscow: Izd. Dom MISiS, p. 154 [in Russian].

Electrostriction effect. Retrieved from (date of the application 20.05.2021) (unpublished).

G.A. Mamedov, A.Ye. Panich, M.A. Kurbanov, I.S. Sultanakhmedova, A.A. Mekhtil, F.F. Yakhyaev, F.N. Tatardar, (2010) Pezoelektricheskie kompozity s vysokoy ustoychivostyu pezomodulya k vozdeystviyam mekhanicheskogo i temperaturnogo poley [Piezoelectric composites with high stability of the piezomodule to the effects of mechanical and temperature fields]. Solid state physics, vol. 52, no. 6.

V. V. Shvartsman, D. A. Kiselev, A. V. Solnyshkin, D. C. Lupascu M. V. Silibin, “Evolution of poled state in P(VDFTrFE)/(Pb,Ba)(Zr,Ti)O3 composites probed by temperature dependent Piezoresponse and Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy”//Scientific Reports. 10 January 2018

Jin J., Wang Q., Quek S.T. Lamb wave propagation in a metallic semi-infinite medium covered with piezoelectric layer. Int. J. Solids Struct.2002; 39:2547–2556.

Jin J., Quek S.T., Wang Q. Analytical solution of excitation of Lamb waves in plates by inter-digital transducers. P Roy. Soc. A-Math. Phy.2003; 459:1117–1134.

Wang S.Y., Tai K., Quek S.T. Topology optimization of piezoelectric sensors/actuators for torsional vibration control of composite plates. Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 253-269 (2006).

Duan W.H., Quek S.T., Lim S.P. Finite element solution for intermittent-contact problem with piezoelectric actuation in ring type USM. Sciencedirect Volume 43, Issue 3, January 2007, Pages 193-205

Tua, P.S., Quek, S.T., Wang, Q. (2005-12-01). Detection of cracks in cylindrical pipes and plates using piezo-actuated Lamb waves. Smart Materials and Structures 14 (6). 2005: pp 1325-1342.

Tua, P.S., Quek, S.T., Wang, Q. (2005). Detection of crack in thin cylindrical pipes using piezo-actuated lamb waves. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 5765 (PART 2). 2005: pp 820-831.

Yujun Kim, Fu-Kuo Chang. Computational tool for the design of structures with built-in piezoelectric-based sensor networks Proceedings Smart Structures and Materials. Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace; San Diego, CA, USA. 2005;

Jin J., Quek S.T., Wang Q. Wave boundary element to study Lamb wave propagation in plates. J. Sound Vibr.2005; 288:195–213

Jin J., Quek S.T., Wang Q. Design of interdigital transducers for crack detection in plates. Ultrasonics. 2005; 43:481–493.

Duan W.H., Quek S.T., Wang Q. A novel ring type ultrasonic motor with multiple wavenumbers: design, fabrication and characterization.

Electrostriction effect. Retrieved from (date of the application 20.05.2021)

Helicopter rotor blade vibration control on the basis of active/passive piezoelectric approach / Sergey Shevtsov, Arcady Soloviev, Vladimir Acopyan, Ivan Samochen // PHYSCON 2009, Catania, Italy.

A.V. Shaporev. (2017) Magnitorezistivnye svoystva binarnykh splavov na osnove zheleza i redkozemelnykh metallov [Magnetoresistive properties of binary alloys based on iron and rare earth metals] (PhD Thesis), Moscow: Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov "

Stewart Sherrit and Benoy K. Mukherjee "Electrostrictive materials: characterization and applications for ultrasound", Proc. SPIE 3341, Medical Imaging 1998: Ultrasonic Transducer Engineering, (1 May 1998);

Eric Summers, Vice President & Chief Scientist// Galfenol –A New Class of Magnetostrictive Materials, Journal of Materials Science, 2015. Metals. Retrieved from URL: (date of the application 20.05.2021)

Y. Kikuchi, "Performance of magnetostrictive transducers made of aluminum-iron alloy or nickel-copper ferrite", J. Acoust. Soc. Am., vol. 29, pp. 569-573, May 1957.

A.G.Olabi A. Grunwald. Design and application of magnetostrictive materials. Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 29, Issue 2, 2008, Pages 469-483

O. V. Akimov, Sundus Mokhammed Nuri (2016) Splavy s effektom pamyati formy. istoriya poyavleniya i razvitiya, fizika protsessa ikh unikalnykh svoystv [Shape memory alloys. history of appearance and development, physics of the process of their unique properties]. Kharkov: Bulletin of NTU "KhPI", no. 14.

Struk V.A., Pinchuk L.S., Myshkin N.K., Goldade V.A., Vityaz P.A. (2010) Materialovedenie v mashinostroenii i promyshlennykh tekhnologiyakh [Materials science in mechanical engineering and industrial technologies]. - Moscow: Intellect, p 536.

Mettlertoledo. Characterization of Shape Memory Metals. Retrieved from URL: (date of the application 20.05.2021)

Y. Chen, V. Wickramasinghe, and D.G. Zimcik, “Development of Adaptive Seat Mounts for HelicopterVibration Suppression”. Cansmart 2006, Proceedings: International Workshop Smart Materials and Structures, Ed. G. Akhras, Toronto, ON, pp.9-19.

V. Wickramasinghe, D. Zimcik, and Y. Chen, “A Novel Adaptive Structural Impedance Control Approach to Suppress Aircraft Vibration and Noise”. RTO AVT Symposium on “Habitability of Combat and Transport Vehicles: Noise, Vibration and Motion”, Prague, Czech Republic, published in RTO-MP-AVT-110, 2004, pp. 16-1 to 16-13.

The Ultraquiet cabin system developed by Ultra Electronics Ltd can be found on the following platforms: Saab 340 A, B, Bplus and 2000; Bombardier Dash 8 Q100, Q200, Q300 and Q400; King Air 350, 90, 200 and 300; Challenger 640; and Air Commander.

Salvatore Ameduri, Antonio Concilio, Nunzia Favaloro and Lorenzo Pellone. “A Shape Memory Alloy Application for Compact Unmanned Aerial Vehicles”, Published 31 May 2016.

Naresh, C.; Bose, P. S. C.; Rao, C. S. P., “Shape memory alloys: a state of art review”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 149, Issue 1, (2016).

Kessler M. Self-healing: a new paradigm in materials design // Proc. IMechE Part G: J. Aerospace Engineering. 2007. Vol. 221. P. 479-495.

Haiyan L., Rongguo W., Wenbo L. Preparation and self-healing performance of epoxy composites with microcapsules and tungsten (VI) chloride catalyst // Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2012. Vol. 31. № 13. P. 924-932.

Yoshioka S., Nakao W. Methodology for evaluating self-healing agent of structural ceramics // Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2015. Vol. 26. №11. P. 1395–1403.

Shinya N., Kyono J., Laha K. Self-healing Effect of Boron Nitride Precipitation on Creep Cavitation in Austenitic Stainless Steel // Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2006. Vol. 17. P. 1127-1133.

T.C. Bor. L. Warnet. Modeling of Stress Development during Thermal Damage Healing in Fiber-reinforced Composite Materials Containing Embedded Shape Memory Alloy Wires // Journal of Composite Materials. 2010. Vol. 44. № 22. P. 2547-2572.

Fehrman B., Korde U. Targeted delivery of acoustic energy for self-healing // Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2013. Vol. 24. № 15. P. 1865-1887.

Soroushian P., Nassar R., Balachandra A. Piezo-driven self-healing by electrochemical phenomena // Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2013. Vol. 24(4). P. 441–453.

Williams H., Trask R., Bond I. A probabilistic approach for design and certification of self-healing advanced composite structures // Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part O: J. Risk and Reliability. 2011. Vol. 225. P. 435-449.

Brancart J., Scheltjens G., Muselle T., Bruno Van Mele. Atomic force microscopy–based study of self-healing coatings based on reversible polymer network systems // Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2014. Vol 25. №1. P. 40–46.

Phillips D., Baur J. A Granular Core for Self-healing, Variable Modulus Sandwich Composites // Journal of Composite Materials. 2010. Vol. 44. № 22. P. 2527-2545.

Haase T., Rohr I., Thoma K. Dynamic temperature measurements on a thermally activated self-healing ionomer // Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2014. Vol 25. № 1. P. 25–30.

How to Cite
Petelko, Y. S., & Lipovskyi, V. I. (2021). REVIEW OF INTELLIGENT MATERIALS AND THE POSSIBILITY OF THEIR USE IN ROCKET AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY. Journal of Rocket-Space Technology, 29(4), 29-40.