HYDRO-GAS-DYNAMIC MODEL OF MOTION OF GAS-SATURATED LIQUID IN A CENTRIFUGAL POROUS PUMP
An approach has been developed to the formation of a theoretical model of the movement of a gas- saturated liquid in the flow path of a porous centrifugal pump, as an assembly of the system for feeding the reaction mass of liquid-propellant rocket engines. The developed approach is based on a physical model of the turbulent motion of a gas-liquid mixture, within which conservation equations are used. Two models are proposed that describe the movement of a gas-liquid mixture in the flow path of a centrifugal porous pump in a two-phase one- dimensional formulation and a quasi-homogeneous one, complementing each other. A porous impeller of a closed- type centrifugal pump of constant width is considered. The energy losses of the gas-liquid mixture flow at the inlet to the pump impeller, as well as the losses of disk friction associated with rotation in a fixed housing, are not taken into account. The parameters of the viscous and inertial hydraulic resistance coefficients of the porous body are used. In particular, the influence of the static pressure gradient in a gas-saturated liquid and the friction force on the accumulation of gas at the inlet to the impeller and the stability of the liquid supply by the pumping unit is noted. The use of the developed approach makes it possible, by calculation methods, to evaluate the values of parameters characterizing the movement of gas-liquid media in centrifugal porous pumps of the designed systems for feeding propellant components to liquid-propellant rocket engines, to reduce the amount of experimental testing of new and modernized propulsion systems for space stages and launch vehicles.
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