DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF 3D-PRINTING OF OBJECTS IN AVIATION AND AEROSOACE FROM POLYMER MATERIALS WITH COMPOSITE REINFORCEMENT
The development of means of additive manufacturing and manufacturing of products is also used in aviation and rocket and space technology. Additive manufacturing makes it possible to improve the mass coefficients of parts and assemblies, to give parts shapes and features that are difficult to implement using traditional production methods. The choice of new types of production is reflected not only in the improved technical characteristics of devices and flying objects, but also in their design, which adapts to the conditions of additive manufacturing of details and parts. In the absence of obstacles and limitations of traditional production methods, it becomes possible to fully use the advantages of spatial and topological optimization of parts and structures. This article examines the main features and market trends associated with the introduction of additive manufacturing and 3D printing methods with an increase in the scope of their application. Existing models of equipment present on the market were analyzed. The peculiarities of the types of reinforcement, their influence on the characteristics of the final product and the requirements for the equipment on which the parts will be printed with the appropriate types of plastics were considered. Based on these trends, the materials with the greatest potential for more mass application and the equipment compatible with these materials were analyzed. Materials with different types of reinforcement were considered and analyzed, and their characteristics and advantages were given. Based on the analysis, the recommendations on the optimal choice of material and the state of the market of materials and equipment were presented in the conclusions. Also, recommendations were given for upgrading home or amateur-class 3d printers for printing with such reinforced plastics.
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